Nano Chemicals for Vitrified tiles
Nano chemicals for vitrified tiles fill the micro cracks or tiny pores on the tile surface and form a dense protective layer. The nano polished tiles have shiny effects and are easy to clean.
The nano chemicals for tiles are available in water-based chemicals as well as in oil-based chemicals. Oil-based chemicals are more expensive than water-based chemicals.
Nano chemicals are silica-based gel chemicals. This chemical had an expiry between 3 to 6 months, depending upon the types of chemicals.
The nano polished tiles are called stain-free tiles. It prevents scratches in tiles.
The ordinary tiles without nano-coating have glossy of 65 to 75 percent. After the process of nano-coating, the shiny is more than 90. The nano antifouling liquid is dropped on the surface of the tile.
There are various nano chemicals for vitrified tiles used for making vitrified tiles surface smoother. It is used in the ceramic tiles industry for the polishing of Vitrified tiles.
Many manufacturers are there making nano chemicals in Morbi, while some are importing chemicals directly from china.
Types of Nano Chemicals
Based on solvent, there are two types of nano chemicals for vitrified tiles as Oil-based and water-based nano chemicals.
These chemicals are used in vitrified tiles such as double charge, nano tiles, and pgvt tiles. It is also used for matt, lappato, and marble tiles.
- A – chemical – it is used for brightness on a tile surface. Have a glossy mirror finish over tiles—water base and colourless. Improve the glossiness of polishing tiles. The price of chemicals is Rs 40 per litre.
- B – Chemical – it is used for stain prevention. This chemical helps to make the tiles stain-free. This chemical fills the tiny holes over the top surface of tiles. It strengthens the colours of tiles and improves the appearance.
- C – Chemical – it is a Water-based, environmental opaque liquid. It helps in coating tiles. It is coated after a chemical. The price of c chemicals is Rs 100 per litre.
Other types of nano chemicals are BA 1, BA 2, RA nano super wax, OA nano super wax, CO Nano super wax.
These chemicals are used only in nano-coating machines.
Black nano chemical is also used for High Glossy vitrified tiles.
Nano Chemical manufacturers for Tiles
The nano chemicals are stored in plastic barrels – 220 and 250 kg.
Uses for nano chemical
During the process of polishing tiles, tiny pores are created over the surface of tiles. Nano chemicals are used to remove the pores.
The purpose of nano chemicals is to clean tile surfaces easily and maintain the original appearance.
The nano chemical does not affect the tile surface colour. It increases shininess in the tiles and makes anti-slip.
Reference Nano liquid formula for tiles composition
Various formulas are depending upon the tiles required for making nano chemicals. The pH value of nano chemicals for tiles is between 8-11. There are different granule sizes for silica dioxide granules, such as 5-80 nm and 10-15 nm.
Silicon dioxide colloid percentage – 30-80
Antifreeze type solvent 0.1-2%,
organo silane agent 0.1-1.5%,
Tension-active agent 0.1-2%,
Alkaline corrosion agent 0.6-0.9%,
Remaining is water.
Physical properties of nano chemical
Appearance – white liquid
Density – 1.1 – 1.13 gram/CM3
Alkaline nano chemical consists of silica colloid and water. It also has at one antifreeze solvent, an organosilane coupling agent, an amine. There are preservatives, stain control agents, corrosion agents.
What are nano polished vitrified tiles?
Nano polished vitrified tiles are a type of vitrified tiles in which there is a nano-coating over the surface of the tiles. The nano chemicals over the surface make the tiles stain-free, excellent water, and dust repellent.
The tiles have a water absorption of less than <0.05% and formed using a vitrification process.
Nano soluble salt tiles are not recommended for heavy traffic areas as the coating layer will be removed on passing through time. It is recommended only for residential and low to medium commercial areas.
For more details, visit – What are Nano Polished Vitrified Tiles?
What are the benefits of nano-coating on tiles?
There are many benefits of nano-coating in vitrified tiles, such as a smooth and shiny finish, resistance to dust and dirt. The nano-coating helps the tiles to clean quickly and last longer.
The tiles are central aspects in your home flooring; it has to be taken proper care. As the floor surface may get spoiled by food items, tea, and other liquid items to clean tiles, nano coating can be helpful.
Nano coating is also used in sanitary wares, washbasins, and bath wares.
Which tiles can have nano-coating?
Various tiles can be processed under Nanomachines to apply nano-coating, such as
- Soluble salt vitrified tiles
- Double Charge Vitrified Tiles
- Polished Glazed Vitrified Tiles – PGVT
Nanomachines for tiles
There are various nanomachine manufacturing companies such as BMR, Nade polishing machine, Keda polishing machine.
After the tiles exit from the kiln, it is left for cooling for 12 – 24 hours. After that, it is passed through polishing machines, and then it is gone through Nanomachines for coating.
During the treatment of tiles in polishing machines, tiny pores are created on the surface of tiles. To remove these pores, nano chemicals for vitrified tiles are used in the devices.
The nanomachine generally has 10 to 12 heads in single machinery, which rotates at high speed. There are two machines, one after one, for coating the surface of tiles.
First Nano A chemical is dropped on the surface of the tiles. After that, the machine heads rotate at high speed and spread the chemicals over the surface of the tiles.
After that, the Nano C chemical is dropped with the help of another smaller machine with punch or nano pads. The tiles become hot during this treatment process.
The tiles pass-through this head, and tiny drops of nano chemical are poured over the surface of the tiles. There is also another machine that cleans and makes even disturbing chemicals over the surface of tiles.
After that, the tiles are inspected and packed in the boxes according to grades.
How to check nano-coating in tiles?
The nano chemicals for vitrified tiles are checked in various ways. It can be matched with a permanent marker. If you mark or draw over the nano vitrified tiles with features and remove the stains by water, the tiles are genuine nano polished tiles.
Marker test of tiles after treatment
As shown in the first image, a blue or black marker is used for making marks over the surface of tiles and left for some time.
After that, it is cleaned with clothes, and if there are no marker marks or stains left, this tile is passed for quality control.
The other tests like the Surface flatness test, Quality test are done in the sorting cabin before packing into the box.
After that, the tiles are sorted based on premium, standard and commercial grade.
Various BIS standards for nano-coated tiles should pass from various stain chemicals tests such as 0.5% Methyl Blue Solution, 3% Hydrogen Peroxide and Iodine with ethanol.
Nano Polishing Pads
Nano polishing pads are used in nanomachines to polish the tiles for a smooth and even surface. It is made of poly fibre materials.
The pads are fitted in the machine that makes the tiles surface smooth. The pads are white and black.
Mainly there are two types of nano pads used in nano-coating machines for vitrified tiles, such as nylon pads and woollen pads. It is also considered as soft and hard pads.
Nylon hard pad
- Thickness 18/25/50 mm
- External diameter 150/170/180
- Thickness 8/40 mm
- External diameter 150/170/180
Nano chemicals for vitrified tiles help penetrate the tile’s surface, which fills the clogged pores and micro-cracks on the surface of the tiles. Thus it is easy to clean tiles and improves stain resistance.
Nano-coated tiles are called stain-free tiles. These tiles are called stain-free tiles as the stains like food items, tea, and other liquid items can be removed easily. The nano-coating helps the tiles surface shinny and better appearance.
There are no 100 percent stain-proof tiles. It is near about 90 percent stains which can be removed from the surface of the tiles.
If you are looking for companies that manufacture nano polished vitrified tiles, then head to the following article- List of Nano Polished Vitrified Tiles Manufacture in Morbi
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